One minute you are bringing home a newborn baby boy who is so tiny and the next thing you have to buy some Boys Leather Shoes for his first day of school. Yeah, kids grow very fast and they pick up a lot of intelligence, character, and awesomeness as they grow. Child growth and development is a process every child experiences in their own special way.
Child development involves mastering skills like sitting up, walking, running and even learning to tie those Boys Leather Shoes. These developments are all milestones and they are usually referred to is developmental milestones and they happen on average at certain periods that are predictable.
A developmental milestone is a skill or ability that a child acquires within a specific time frame. For example, learning to walk or crawl or to say their first word like dada or mama.
Milestones develop in a sequential fashion. This means that a child will need to develop some skills before he or she can develop other new skills. For example, a child must first learn to crawl and then stand before the start to walk and then run. Each milestone that a child acquires builds on the last milestone developed. There are however exceptions of children who break every rule and start walking before they even crawl.
This developmental milestone has to do with the child’s ability to learn and solve problems using their brains and reasoning faculties. It starts out really basic with the baby may be at two months old, learning to explore his environment with his hands and eyes – like looking at the parent is they move from side to side or grabbing on to objects with their fingers.
Social and Emotional Development
Social and emotional development refers to a child ability to grow their social skills and interact with other people. It also means a child developing self-control and being able to help themselves with basic things. Interacting with other kids like playing together, sharing toys and making new friends all fall under this kind of developmental stage. It starts off with little things like your baby smiling at you or being able to wave bye-bye and it gets more advanced with 4 or 5-year-olds learning how to be quiet in school, behave well in the classroom or obeying their teacher.
Speech and Language Development
This is the name implies refers to a child’s ability to understand speech and language and also use it. This milestone includes a child learning to say their first word or even understanding their name. As they get older, they start to learn more words and their meaning like parts of the body, different peoples names and so on.
There are two motor skills: fine motor skills and gross motor skills. Fine motor skills refer to the child’s ability to use their smaller muscles like the fingers and hands to pick up objects like their toy, hold on to an adults hands or even hold their bottle in place. Gross motor skills involve the child’s use of larger muscles like learning to pull themselves up, learning to climb, learning to hold onto furniture to support themselves etc.
Helping a Child Reach Milestones
A child’s environment plays a large role in their developmental process. The way the parents or guardians of a child nurture the child will play a role in how fast and how well they develop. A parent should surround the child with the right tools and activities to help them develop their faculties.
Giving them attention, encouraging them when they try something new and reading to the child are all things that a parent could do. Interact with the child is often is possible by singing, playing games and talking to them. Take them to classes that they can meet and interact with other kids. Is the child gets older, their interests would start to be more refined and then you can streamline accordingly.
It also helps if parents and guardians educate themselves on parenting and pick up some great parenting skills. These skills will help you interact with your child better. Children learn a lot by observing and how you behave. Reward good behaviours and reprimand for bad, set clear rules and don’t slack on execution. Make sure the kids spend a good amount of time outdoors and playing with other kids.
Developmental Milestones by Age
1 Year to 2 Years
- Understand and respond to words
- Identify objects that are similar
- Tell the difference between “Me” and “You”
- Imitate the actions and language of adults
- Can point out familiar objects and people in a picture book
- Learn through exploration
- From 2 to 3 Years
- At two years of age, children are becoming increasingly independent. Since they are now able to better explore the world, a great deal of learning during this stage is the result of their own experiences
- Sort objects by category (i.e., animals, flowers, trees, etc.)
- Stack rings on a peg from largest to smallest
- Imitate more complex adult actions (playing house, pretending to do laundry, etc.)
- Identify their own reflection in the mirror by name
- Respond to simple directions from parents and caregivers
- Name objects in a picture book
- Match objects with their uses
From 3 to 4 Years
- Demonstrate awareness of the past and present
- Actively seek answers to questions
- Learn by observing and listening to instructions
- Organize objects by size and shape
- Understand how to group and match object according to color
- Have a longer attention span of around 5 to 15 minutes
- Asks “why” questions to gain information
From 4 to 5 Years
- Name and identify many colors
- Draw the shape of a person
- Count to five
- Tell where they live
- Draw pictures that they often name and describe